Polygon Labs’ engineering teams have unveiled the proposed architecture for Polygon 2.0, which aims to address the scalability, liquidity, and user experience issues faced by Web3. This upgraded version seeks to transform Polygon into the Value Layer of the Internet by offering unlimited scalability and unified liquidity.
The development approach for Polygon 2.0 can be divided into two phases: divergence and convergence. Developers have fostered a culture of experimentation, exploring various technologies and methods. The ideas that emerged from this experimentation were subsequently aligned to create an optimal tech stack, now known as Polygon 2.0.
The architecture of Polygon 2.0 is based on a layered protocol approach, akin to the Internet protocol suite. It consists of four layers: Staking, Interop, Execution, and Proving. The Staking Layer utilizes a Proof-of-Stake (PoS) based protocol, leveraging Polygon’s native token to ensure decentralization across Polygon chains. The Interop Layer enables secure and seamless cross-chain messaging within the Polygon ecosystem, supporting near-instant, atomic cross-chain transactions and offering shared access to native Ethereum assets. The Execution Layer facilitates sequenced batches of transactions or blocks, utilizing existing implementations such as Erigon. Finally, the Proving Layer employs a high-performance Zero-Knowledge (ZK) proving protocol to generate proofs for all transactions across Polygon chains.
These layers work synergistically, creating an infrastructure optimized for the Value Layer of the Internet and forming the foundation of Polygon 2.0. In the upcoming weeks, more detailed explanations of each protocol layer will be provided to enhance understanding of their functionalities and their collective contribution to this unique and effective architecture.